Monday, June 8, 2009

China-Malaysia's 35 years relationship

                                      

Prime Minister Najib’s visit to China can be regarded as fruitful and augurs well for both the nations. For the Prime Minister, it was quite a sentimental trip since it was his late father Tun Razak who took the bold decision of recognizing China 35 years ago. The Prime Minister brought along his mother, his wife and family on this occassion.

One cannot not to be impressed with the Chinese government every time I visit Beijing. My last visit to Beijing was in 2007 when I presented the paper on food safety and another paper on the integration of traditional medicine and western medicine. Beijing is a bustling city with a dusty atmosphere but it is definitely much cleaner on the streets of Beijing if compared to other big cities. Its landscape is beautiful and despite the space constraint, there are provisions for the pedestrian and the cyclists. Many visitors to China salute the Chinese government for its town planning, especially landscaping and being people’s friendly by promoting cycling and walking.

Over the last 35 years, because of the cordial relationship between China and Malaysia, trade has been registering double-digit growth. Last year, the value of trade between the two nations touches US$50 billion (figures given by China). China is Malaysia’s 4th largest trading partner and it is an important export market for our commodities. There is also a significant growth in the tourism market. More and more students from China are in Malaysia pursuing further education.

China is today regarded as the economic powerhouse of Asia. It is estimated by next year China will overtake Japan to become the world’s second largest economy. This is a remarkable achievement achieved over a short span of 25 years. Its economic development model will be studied by endless people in the hope that these achievements can be duplicated in other countries.  Of course there are structural problem in China’s high speed economic growth.

In the next 10 years, what do Malaysia hope to benefit from our cordial relationship with China?

1)    More joint-venture companies between China and Malaysia private sector. Presently, there are joint ventures but mostly initiated by GLC.

2)   Hope to see a more diversified form of joint-venture development. We should move away from just undertaking property development. We hope to see more joint ventures related to railway, dam, hydroelectric power station and aluminum smelter plant of which China has world-renowned expertise. Hopefully through these joint ventures, there will be technology transfer from China to Malaysia.

3)   In the field of agriculture, we should learn about China’s effort on modernization of agriculture and biotechnology. China today supplies almost half of the world’s fresh vegetables.

4)   Tourism. This has great potential. Last year, we received more than 900, 000 Chinese tourists. In the same year, there are 40 million Chinese tourists. So, what Malaysia received is a very small insignificant numbers. To attract more tourists to Malaysia, we have to create more packages that involve several other countries, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam, Laos. These packages will make it more attractive to visit this part of the world.  Chinese tourists like to eat, shop and a fair significant number gambles.

5)   Education. The private institutions of higher learning have to play a more aggressive role in attracting Chinese students. There are 11, 000 Chinese students pursuing education at various levels. I understand that most of them are doing short courses.  There is a need for the private sector to upgrade their standards of education. Otherwise, it will be a hard battle attracting quality foreign students. There have always been calls by Malaysia Chinese educationists that the government should recognize more universities from China. Since most Malaysian Chinese have no interest to work in the civil service, I feel that recognition or non-recognition of universities in China is not of importance.

I took the opportunity to travel to a few shopping centres and it is good to discover from the taxi driver that the security has improved tremendously in Beijing in the last 5 years. Hence, taxis in Beijing do not have iron grills that separates the driver from the passengers. This used to be the usual features in taxis operating in Beijing.

The weather is hot and dry. I do my usual morning walk from 6.30a.m. to 7.30a.m. I must admit, it was quite a pleasant walk despite the bustling traffic since there is a pedestrian walkway and beautiful landscaping.  

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首相拿督斯里纳吉今次访华,对马、中两国带来丰硕成果。对纳吉而言,此行颇为感伤,因为其已故父亲,即我国第二任首相敦拉萨于35年前率团直飞北京进行“破冰之旅”,奠下了马中建交的基础。而首相这次携同母亲、夫人及孩子访华,意义深远。

 

每回到访北京,都让我留下深刻印象。我上一次到北京是在2007年,出席两项由中国卫生部举办的政府高层会议,并在会议上各别提呈了食品安全以及传统中西医结合的报告。

 

北京是一个繁华都市,四处尘土飞扬,但相比于其他大都市,北京的街道却干净多了。即使有空间限制,这个都市的造景仍然美观。此外,政府也规定行人和自行车骑士在路上必须遵守既定条规。许多到过中国的游客都佩服中国政府的城市规划之道,尤其赞叹城中的造景以及步行和骑自行车政策。                                                          

 

过去35年,基于两国的友好关系,马中的贸易额取得双位数成长。根据中国方面的数据,两国在去年的贸易额更达致500亿美元。中国是马来西亚的第四大贸易伙伴国,同时也是我国原产品的重要出口市场。旅游方面也显著成长。越来越多中国学生来大马深造。

 

中国当前已被视为亚洲的强大经济势力,一般估计中国在明年将取代日本,成为世界第二大经济体。在短短25年内,中国就取得了如此了不起的成就。此外,将有更多人研究中国的经济发展模式,以向中国看齐。当然,中国的高速经济成长也存在一些结构性问题。

 

在未来10年,大马希望如何从马中友好关系中获益呢?

 

1)中国与大马私人界应有更多合资公司。目前,我国虽有合资企业,但大部分由官联企业主导。


2) 希望看到一个更多样化的合资企业发展。我们应该摆脱侧重于产业的发展导向。我们希望看到更多铁路、水坝、水力发电站和铝制炼厂项目的合作,中国在这些领域有很多优秀的专才。通过这些合作,有望将中国的技术转移到大马。

 

3)农业方面,我们应该向中国的农业现代化及生物科技取经。今天,中国几乎供应了世界一半市场的新鲜蔬菜。

 

4)旅游领域是一个潜能庞大的市场。去年,旅马的中国游客超过90万人次。而去年出外旅游的中国游客达4千万人。如此看来,旅马的中国游客只占少数。要吸引更多游客来马,我们必须推概括几个国家的配套,除了大马,还包括新加坡、泰国、柬埔寨、越南、寮国等。这样的配套可以吸引更多游客来到这个区域旅游。中国游客喜欢吃、逛街购物及赌博。

 

5)教育。私立高等学府要下更多苦工去吸引中国学生。共有11千名中国学生进修各种程度的课程。据我了解,他们大部分是拿短期课程。私人领域有必要提升它们的教育水平。否则,要吸引有素质的外国学生并不容易。国内的华教人士常吁请政府承认更多来自中国的大学文凭。基于大部分大马华人没有兴趣成为公务员,我认为承认中国大学文凭与否并不重要。

 

我趁此机会到一些购物商场逛逛,从搭德士中发现到,北京的治安在这5年已经改善,这是好事。现在,北京的德士内没有隔离司机和乘客的铁格栅。过去北京的德士常见到这类铁格栅。

 

天气炎热干燥。我如往常一样,在早上630分至730分进行早晨步行。我必须承认,尽管当地交通繁忙,我还是很怡然自得,因为沿途上看到美观怡人的造景设计。

6 comments:

Datuk said...

Dear Datuk,

I hoped your most recent visit to China had enlightened you and expanded your horizon on how a good politician can do the wonder and shaping the future of billion lives!

Can BN able to unleash the potential of our current natural endownment, free us out from the prison of self-defeating policy that backwarded us in the last 40 years???

In search of 9 wonders in Malaysia ???

kenny said...

Dear Datuk Seri

I understand the Chinese Leaders expressed their concern to Najib that Malaysia has fallen behind many countries.

If the Chinese Leaders can recognise this problem, how come Malaysia cannot do so.

Tuanku said...

Dear Dr Chua,

Malaysians and I take serious note on your comment that the security in Beijing, China has improved tremendously in the last 5 years. Many taxis do not required iron grills due to less crime in China now. Well it is indeed a good observation by Datuk Seri during your pleasant short official visit to China.

Similar, I still recalled the danger of high crime and notorious gangsters during my several biz visits to China in past 5 years ago. Nevertheless, Datuk Seri should understand that Malaysians have the biggest crime problems today and sadly to say the most notorious city is Johor state among all states in Malaysia. WHY ?
Similar, we understand many fellow taxi drivers are crime victims but yet they are facing danger daily just to earn a small income to feed their families.

Unfortunately, the PDRM top brass officers have lost their focus to combat criminals and reduce crimes here but prefer to serve the BN Master politicians to arrest people wearing black, celebrate birthday candle lights, lawyers on duties, having breakfast in Ipoh, injured student, etc. Similar, we also knew that many policemen are more favor helping influence peoples and rich & famous victims rather than poor victims when they seek help. It also took donkey hours for the policemen to attend crime calls whereas it took few minutes to arrive on the crime scene. PDRM Crime Investigation section is less efficient and effective as compared with other CSI bodies in USA, HK, Singapore and China whereas many crime cases are swept under the carpets and closed cases.

Sadly to say, the crime rates are skyrocketting by days in our cities becoming " A city of sin".
Even top PDRM brass officers became victims of open crime in their homes. Chinese saying
"Catching a kutu on the lion's head". What a big slap ?

Why BN leaders are still fighting over their greeds rather than finding ways to reduce the crime rate in Malaysia? Are BN goons waiting to be removed by the people in the next 13GE ?

呉 和豪 said...

To All MY MCA COMRADES

銀球能傳達友誼  馬中建交见效益

开创世界新局面 和平进步百业兴

固步自封为阻碍  遠見開明垦蓝海

拉薩恩來兩先賢  功名永留在世間

永森默默勤耕云  当为国人好板样

飲水之時當思源  努力開源求永續 


敦拉萨开明果敢的决定, 促进了区域的和平及繁荣,也援和了国际之间的紧张局势,间接结束了冷战。
马来西亚虽然不是强大的国家, 但是在促进世界和平及繁荣扮演着很重要的角色。开明务实的外交政策是永续经营一国的重要部分。
马华公会的先驱拿督曾永森一直默默耕耘,功不可没证明马华公会的存在是非常重要的。马华公会应该特别表扬拿督曾永森,建议拿督曾永森为马华党校永久名誉主席/永久名誉顾问。

循小绚 said...

亲爱的马华暑理主席

  对于你提到说华人普遍没有成为公务员的意愿,所以承不承认中国学历比不重要。我必须说一句老实话,我曾经算是对你还有一些尊重,毕竟你的贡献还是有的。可是这次我觉得你这样的发言是极为肤浅的。

  首先有没有成为公务员的意愿,和承不承认学历根本就是两码事。承不承认国外大学的学历不是应该确切地以大学的素质来判定的吗?这样能够在相对优质的大学里求学的相对优秀学生的权益才得以保障,才会有公平性的存在。请你不要忘记,在符合条件下成为公务员本应为大马公民的权益之一。而现在若因为一些相对不公平的条件阻碍之下导致权益的丧失,请问这是否应该?

  尽管普遍认为会到中国留学的华人子弟应该早就做好不当公务员的打算,但是如果政府承认中国学历,你敢说所有的到中国留学的华人都不打算当公务员吗?基本上你的论述就有着最根本的逻辑问题。

  虽然我必须承认许多的华教人士所坚持的目的多少带有一些情绪,可是不代表着就不是一件对的事情!你贵为马华的暑理主席,竟然能够轻易说出轻浮的言论,实在可耻。我甚至质疑你在说出此番言论之前根本没有经过深思熟虑,只是一味想找机会抨击华教人士的坚持而已!

  身为马华和国家的领导人,我不知道你为何会如此的没有远见。哦,不。就你关于要向中国学习的建言看来,你应该是很有远见的。还是说那只是你在中国有一遍之后看到一切然后像交功课一般写出来的作文而已?、

  无论如何,单单只是看马来西亚对国外大学的承认动作,在国际上就可以去推敲马来西亚的文化和进步的程度。当中国、台湾、香港多所大学在世界排名里面不断往前迈进,不断充实自己的当儿,马来西亚竟然对承认它们的学历仍然无动于衷,请问这样的国家会给人们什么样的应像?马来西亚的国际形象将会如何?眼光短浅?封闭独裁?简直不堪设想。

  再者,难道高高坐在马华暑理主席位子的你不认为说政府承认中国,甚至台湾,大学的学历有助于解决人才外流的现象吗?华人要在国内念大学虽非难事,但若要念国内的“顶尖”大学(实属在世界排名前一百名里消失不见的大学),可谓难如登天。当华裔子弟苦等多年终于等到中国、台湾的大学素质渐渐跟上国际水平的时代来临,可是却苦苦等不到政府对大学的承认,多少人才因而常驻国外不再返回祖国。我当然知道很多人是打从一开始就没有回国的打算,可是我也说过了,无论如何,承认中国大学学历本身跟学生是否回国或是否想当公务员不应有直接的关系。请不要说些诸如“担心大学素质”的借口推托,马来西亚的政府应该有足够雪亮的眼睛去判断那一所大学的素质够好。其实光看世界排名就能做出大概的判定。

  为了让马来西亚的格局和国际形象进一步提升,请你收回你对于“承认中国大学学历不重要”的言论。请你也给机会自己稍稍挽回一些“有远见”的形象。

思想决定未来 said...

您好

一直都有关注您的BLOG上的文章,并且认同您的领导能力。

对于您提出的“华人普遍没有成为公务员的意愿,所以承不承认中国学历比不重要。”我不认同此观点。原因如下:

1,中国有多所名牌大学的教学质量不逊于西方名校。
2,中国留学费用相对便宜。
3,中国是马来西亚的邻国,且普遍使用华语,故马国华人留学在中国的生活不会太辛苦。

我是一个留学生,非常了解在异国他乡生活的辛苦,特别是每逢佳节倍思亲。

如马国认同中国大学的文凭,对于有意去中国留学的或者正在中国留学的大马青年无疑是件天大的喜事,苦读寒窗几十年,为的不就是要得到社会的认可吗?

至于回国后是否成为公务员,我认为与是否承认中国大学文凭无任可关系,难道马国拿到国家认可的大学文凭都做公务员了吗?

如果承认文凭不重要,您是否也认为独中文凭也无需受国家承认呢?

我来马国留学,如果中国不承认我所在学的学校文凭,您认为我们中国青年凭什么来大马留学,帮助大马发展经济。

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