Wednesday, September 15, 2010

尊重敦馬支持土權‧蔡細歷:首相看法才重要

---->蔡細歷(右2)親切的與出席交流會的華團代表握手致意。左起:大馬中小型工業公會總會長蔡添輝、總商會理事蔡文洲、梁家興及右:陳耀星。(圖:光明日報)

(吉隆坡14日訊)針對前首相敦馬哈迪公然支持土著權威組織一事,馬華總會長拿督斯里蔡細歷認為,每個人有發言的權利,不過他更關注的是首相拿督斯里納吉的看法,畢竟納吉才是國家的第一號人物。

他說,納吉的看法對人民來說更重要。他強調,在一個民主國家,不可能所有人都持同樣觀點。“馬哈迪是年長一輩的政治人物,我們尊重他的意見。”

蔡細歷週二率領馬華領袖與華商針對2011年財政預算案進行交流後,在記者會上如此表示。早前,以納吉為首的巫統已表明要疏遠土權組織,不過,馬哈迪卻大唱反調。

另一方面,蔡細歷說,指稱巫裔領袖強調“馬來人至上”是不公平的說法,因為當中只有極少數的巫裔領袖這樣做。

他表示,這只是反對黨用來抹黑巫統的伎倆。“在我、馬華與巫統領袖的接觸中,從來沒聽過巫統領袖說過,馬來人高級過非馬來人。沒有這回事。”

他指出,目前因為馬來人在經濟方面比不上非馬來人,所以需扶弱政策。“因此,應該根據需求與績效來執行扶弱政策。”

他說,如果馬來人或土著在經濟上貧困或教育落後,就可繼續獲得政府援助。“這是因為他們貧窮。”

各黨鬥爭致種族關係低潮

對於新加坡資政李光耀指大馬種族關係處於最低潮,蔡細歷回應說,大馬目前的種族關係沒達到應有的水平,是因為在308大選後,各政黨激烈爭取支持,而在多元種族社會,種族很容易被利用為爭取支持的課題。

他說,李光耀有權表達意見。“我們尊重李光耀,他是資深政治家。”

此外,他指出,國陣在過去53年已證明他們管理複雜種族關係的努力。“我不明白,為何人們有信心民聯會更好地處理種族關係?”

“在檳州,他們做得不好,有某種族人士對檳州政府展開示威;此外,在雪州爆發的支持信風波,只影響一個族群與一個政黨。”

民聯執政2年暴弊端

蔡細歷說,國陣政府不是完美的,它也有弱點,然而執政53年,這是必然的事。“可是,民聯州政府執政兩年多,就暴露了弱點。”

他希望國內種族關係會日益改善,各造不再利用種族與宗教來搞政治。

重申馬華沒干預988

蔡細歷重申,馬華沒干預988電台事件,如果《星洲日報》有出現不同的言論,那是他們的看法。

“我說,我們不會干預,至於《星洲日報》要說甚麼,就由《星洲日報》去講。《星洲日報》沒必要跟馬華同一個調子。”他指出,《星洲日報》不屬於馬華。

蔡細歷是針對988電台前主持人迦瑪撰文指出,《星洲日報》執行總編輯郭清江所寫文章內容,與他的言論互相矛盾一事作出回應。郭清江在文中指“988風波是馬華黨爭的延續”,而蔡細歷則表明事件與馬華無關。

應彈性處理30%土權政策
華商促開放經濟領域

詢及在交流會中商討有關彈性處理30%土權政策事宜,蔡細歷聲稱,當局已促請開放多項經濟領域,至於2011年的財政預算案會否真的實施,則有待相關報告出爐後才知道。

蔡細歷說,政府若要吸引外資,達致高收入國家的目標,就須開放多項經濟領域。特別是首相拿督斯里納吉在新經濟模式下,宣佈的12個國家關鍵經濟領域,涵蓋石油和天然氣、棕油和相關產品、金融服務、批發和零售、旅遊、資訊和通訊工藝、教育服務、電子、商業服務、商業服務、私人醫療、農業及大吉隆坡區,都須全面開放。

“華商認為,政府的開銷不斷增加,特別是公務員薪金方面,導致政府開銷超支,間接變成政府的負擔。”因此,他們在交流會上,一致認為,政府須嚴謹處理預算超支的問題。

他說,華商也強烈表達,要求政府實行公開招標的意願。“政府在實施政策時,必須公平、透明及民主,減少貪污及濫權,以提昇本地商家及外國投資者對大馬政府的信心。”

借貸附屬條款阻礙發展

蔡細歷聲稱,國內中小型工業目前面對貸款問題,特別是借貸附屬條款規定,3年未營業的公司無法申請貸款,已引起企業的不滿。其實,在企業的角度,這些3年未營業的行業才是最逼切希望獲得貸款,以繼續營運的公司。

他提及,養豬業也同樣面對貸款問題,因此建議開放食物貸供養豬業者進行申請。

“針對部份僅提供予特定行業的基金,華商認為,政府可考慮將基金的餘款,開放給其他行業使用。”

華商同意實施消費稅

他們建議,成立中小型工業培訓學院,以提供培訓教育及其他服務,以提昇中小型工業的技術。

蔡細歷指出,華商原則上同意實施消費稅措施(GST),並建議訂在2至3%之間。措施一旦落實,必須要有足夠時間推行及教育,包括減少措施的煩文辱節。

華商也建議,重新調整所得稅機制,將現有的10萬令吉最高所得稅,提昇至30萬令吉。

至於營運資金擔保計劃,華商認為,現有的31億令吉並不足,因此要求提昇至70億令吉。

人頭稅不應成企業負擔

蔡細歷坦承,外國勞工確實充斥國內勞工市場,惟以現階段而言,大馬的工商領域還需外勞,因此華商認為,政府不應凍結聘請外勞,並促請關注外勞人頭稅問題。

他說,華商認為,外勞人頭稅不應成為企業負擔。

另外,政府在實施有關外勞的政策應更透明化,也不應一直出現變動。

光明日報‧2010.09.14

2 comments:

呉 和豪 said...

Dear Dato Seri Dr. Chua Soi Lek
HAVE attended several seminars and noticed that the participants were mainly concerned about the shortage of foreign workers and the availability of SMI loans. It is without doubt that labour shortage and liquidity are two major critical issues. However, just addressing these two issues alone is not sufficient.

We must remember that the world is not static but dynamic. Countries where our foreign workers come, such as Indonesia and Vietnam, are now progressing well. Soon, they may also face labour shortages. And, in the long run, our small and medium-sized industries cannot depend solely on foreign workers.

The operating environment resembles an ecosystem chain where the survival of SMIs will depend on a variety of factors such as socio-economic stability and investments from within and outside the country.

The fall in FDI will definitely have negative impacts on the performance of SMIs downstream. Therefore, it is important for us to maintain a conducive environment to attract local and foreign investments.

Recently, Japan’s Ambassador to Malaysia Masahiko Horie mentioned that Japanese companies in Malaysia were concerned over the shortage of labour and knowledge-based skilled workers. If the situation persists, they may relocate their labour-intensive plants to some other countries. We must not take this lightly and hopefully, our government agencies will arrange a dialogue with them to identify their needs.

Malaysia is now facing problems that the Taiwan SMIs faced at the turn of the 20th Century. At that time, Taiwan’s SMIs were very much dependent on foreign workers and many Malaysians went there to work.

But in the 1990’s, Malaysia’s economy improved greatly and Malaysians working in Taiwan returned to work in Malaysia. Coupled with tough measures against illegal foreign workers, the SMIs in Taiwan were then facing a serious labour shortages.

To survive, the Taiwanese government and SMIs took a series of effective measures to adjust themselves to the changes, including the relocation of labour-intensive industries to mainland China, adoption of automation and efficient work-flow system and changing the attitude of youngsters towards blue-collar jobs through certification programmes.

It is high time that we take the cue from Taiwan.

GOH HOE HOE,

Kuala Lumpur.
http://thestar.com.my/news/story.asp?file=/2010/9/14/focus/7027765&sec=focus

呉 和豪 said...

DR.Dato Seri Dato Chua Soi Lek
I HAVE attended several seminars and noticed that the participants were mainly concerned about the shortage of foreign workers and the availability of SMI loans. It is without doubt that labour shortage and liquidity are two major critical issues. However, just addressing these two issues alone is not sufficient.

We must remember that the world is not static but dynamic. Countries where our foreign workers come, such as Indonesia and Vietnam, are now progressing well. Soon, they may also face labour shortages. And, in the long run, our small and medium-sized industries cannot depend solely on foreign workers.

The operating environment resembles an ecosystem chain where the survival of SMIs will depend on a variety of factors such as socio-economic stability and investments from within and outside the country.

The fall in FDI will definitely have negative impacts on the performance of SMIs downstream. Therefore, it is important for us to maintain a conducive environment to attract local and foreign investments.

Recently, Japan’s Ambassador to Malaysia Masahiko Horie mentioned that Japanese companies in Malaysia were concerned over the shortage of labour and knowledge-based skilled workers. If the situation persists, they may relocate their labour-intensive plants to some other countries. We must not take this lightly and hopefully, our government agencies will arrange a dialogue with them to identify their needs.

Malaysia is now facing problems that the Taiwan SMIs faced at the turn of the 20th Century. At that time, Taiwan’s SMIs were very much dependent on foreign workers and many Malaysians went there to work.

But in the 1990’s, Malaysia’s economy improved greatly and Malaysians working in Taiwan returned to work in Malaysia. Coupled with tough measures against illegal foreign workers, the SMIs in Taiwan were then facing a serious labour shortages.

To survive, the Taiwanese government and SMIs took a series of effective measures to adjust themselves to the changes, including the relocation of labour-intensive industries to mainland China, adoption of automation and efficient work-flow system and changing the attitude of youngsters towards blue-collar jobs through certification programmes.

It is high time that we take the cue from Taiwan.

GOH HOE HOE,

Kuala Lumpur.
http://thestar.com.my/news/story.asp?file=/2010/9/14/focus/7027765&sec=focus

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